The personal Sort of the new Counselor Questionnaire (PST-Q) is made because of the Fernandez-Alvarez mais aussi al

(2003), and you can was created to determine “the newest number of features that each specialist can be applied in almost any psychotherapeutic state, therefore framing area of the popular features of the healing operate” (p. 117). New survey assesses four more size: flexibility-firmness (Instructional subscale), distance-closeness (Expressive subscale), less engmany yearsment-better engagement (Involvement subscale), wider concentrated-thin concentrated (Attentional subscale) and natural-arranged (Surgical subscale). This really is a great thirty six-items mind-report size done of the therapists that have responses rated with the a scale anywhere between step one (overall argument)to 7 (total agreement). The fresh level shows an examination-retest accuracy off .79, that have Chronbach’s reliability coefficients for each and every subscale, below; informative, .69; expressive, .75; wedding, .78; attentional, .80; medical, .78. Basis Research shown a great KMO = .756 (Find Desk step 1 to own alphas in the present study).

Performing Alliance List-Brief Form (WAI-S)

The working Alliance List (WAI), produced by Horvath Greenberg (1986), are an effective thirty six product survey which is often administered in order to one another members and you can therapists which is rated to your an effective seven-point Likert types of scale from1 (never)to help you seven (always). Tracey and you can Kokotovic (1989) suggested an individual and specialist Performing Alliance Collection-Quick Mode (WAI-S), which contains four situations for each subscale (Activity, Goal, and Bond) and total WAI-S score, showing high reliability that have alpha levels the same as, as well as better than this new WAI with the counselor subscales and you will overall average scores (Activity, leader = .83; Bond, alpha = .91; Mission, leader = .88; and you can General Alliance, leader = .95). See Desk 1 for alphas in the current study.

Processes List (TL)

The strategy Record level is modified away from Hollis (1995), just who catalogued a thorough listing of counseling and you will psychotherapy techniques representing a broad spectral range of philosophical angles. To help you improve this extensive listing considering processes made use of particularly by the intellectual behavioural and you can constructivist cures orientations, i hired guidance psychology graduate children to read through the full directory of 108 therapy processes and you can rates the extent to which each strategy is used by for every single therapeutic strategy (intellectual behavioral and you may constructivist), having fun with a good 5-part Likert kind of scale from 1 (Never ever otherwise Rarely) so you can 5 (Usually otherwise Almost always).


Sixteen counseling psychology graduate students participated in these ratings (six men, 10 women), with the Mage = (SD = 2.67). Results of a paired differences analysis for all 108 items indicated that there were 77 techniques rated as being used with significantly differential frequency by cognitive behavioral and constructivist therapies. We then divided this distribution of 77 techniques into quartiles and retained the top and bottom quartiles. This resulted in 20 cognitive behavioral techniques (e.g.advice giving, rational restructuring) and 20 constructivist techniques (e.g. emotional processing, reflection) that were rated most significantly different (cognitive behavioral vs. constructivist). This final list of 40 items of therapy techniques (20 cognitive behavioral techniques; 20 constructivist techniques) was used in the current study.

This type of forty factors was indexed alphabetically and professionals had been asked in order to seekingarrangement login rate the brand new extent that they use for each approach within practice of procedures along an effective 5-area level in one (Never or Almost never)so you’re able to 5 (Constantly or Always). New ratings of one’s 20 rationalist issues was summed and you can a great suggest try determined so you’re able to mirror an average frequency of employing rationalist treatments (it is possible to variety = 1-5), plus the exact same process was utilized with regards to the new 20 constructivist interventions.

The fresh new brutal investigation was utilized so you can conduct an excellent confirmatory basis studies into the Techniques Listing measure. The current analysis try examined for multiple-variate normalcy in addition to assumptions had been fulfilled. The kurtosis rates with the variables decrease between step 1 and you can –1 parameters but constructivist circumstances a dozen, 13, sixteen, and you can 20 and you will intellectual behavioural product step three, which had an effective kurtosis beliefs ranging from 2 and you will –2. Consequently, this type of five circumstances was taken out of the scale just before running brand new confirmatory grounds study.

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